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Tuesday, July 21, 2009

Taj Mahal

Card # 3
These postcard sent to me by my friend Mr.Kasinath.

Tajmahal became a UNESCO World Heritage Site in the year of 1983. Taj Mahal was built for in memory of his favourite wife Mumtaz Mahal(third wife) by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan. Taj Mahal style combines of Persian, Indian and Islamic architectural it was started building around 1632 and completed around 1653. Taj Mahal was constructed using materials from all over India and Asia and over 1,000 elephants were used to transport building materials. The translucent white marble was brought from Rajasthan, the jasper from Punjab, jade and crystal from China. The turquoise was from Tibet and the Lapis lazuli from Afghanistan, while the sapphire came from Sri Lanka and the carnelian from Arabia. In all, twenty eight types of precious and semi-precious stones were inlaid into the white marble.
Artist's impression of the Taj Mahal, from the Smithsonian Institution

A labour force of twenty thousand workers was recruited across northern India. Sculptors from Bukhara, calligraphers from Syria and Persia, inlayers from southern India, stonecutters from Baluchistan, a specialist in building turrets, another who carved only marble flowers were part of the thirty-seven men who formed the creative unit. Soon after the Taj Mahal's completion, Shah Jahan was deposed by his son Aurangzeb and put under house arrest at nearby Agra Fort. Upon Shah Jahan's death, Aurangzeb buried him in the mausoluem next to his wife.

Taj Mahal 1860

Ground layout of the Taj Mahal

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